October 9, 1969
Congressional Record - Senate: Pages 29,394 - 29,397
S. 3015–INTRODUCTION OF THE DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION ACT OF 1969
Mr. HATFIELD. Mr. President, I am introducing today the Drug Abuse Education Act of 1969, a bill which would provide Federal funds to meet this Nation's critical problem in combating the use and abuse of dangerous drugs.
Writing in a provocative book, "The Drug Scene," Dr. Donald B. Louria said: "The general public still appears to be misinformed regarding drugs, their abuse, the nature of their users and the genesis of the problem."
Mr. President, this bill seeks to dispel some of the ignorance surrounding the use of drugs. It would provide $29 million over a 3-year period to support the following kinds of activities:
First. Development of courses on drug abuse for elementary and secondary and adult education programs.
Second. Demonstration projects for testing the effectiveness of these courses.
Third. Dissemination of the results of the demonstration projects.
Fourth. Training in drug abuse education for schoolteachers, law enforcement officers, and community leaders.
Fifth. Development of community education programs on drug abuse, especially for parents.
Sixth. Aid to State education agencies in helping school systems plan drug abuse education programs
In the House, the Select Subcommittee on Education, chaired by Congressman JOHN BRADEMAS, of Indiana, held hearings on the bill in Washington, New York, Los Angeles, Seattle, and Indiana.
Congressman BRADEMAS, who, along with Congressman LLOYD MEEDS, of Washington, has been one of the forces behind the legislation, said:
"The problem of drug abuse goes beyond law enforcement. It is also a problem with deep social andpsychological roots. The first step in getting to these roots should be a comprehensive program of education on the dangerous effects of drugs."
Mr. President, the House Education and Labor Committee has reported this bill unanimously. The measure knows no partisan or philosophical boundaries. I hope that we shall act on this legislation in the Senate so that a concerted effort can be made to confront the alarming drug problem in our Nation.
At this point, I would like to insert a section-by-section analysis and the full text of the Drug Abuse Education Act of 1969.
The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempore. The bill will be received and appropriately referred; and, without objection, the bill and the section-by-section analysis will be printed in the RECORD.
The bill (S. 3015), to authorize the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare to make grants to conduct special educational programs and activities concerning the use of drugs and for other related educational purposes, introduced by Mr. HATFILD, was received, read twice by its title, referred to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, and ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows:
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Drug Abuse Education Act of 1969".
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
SEC. 2. (a) The Congress hereby finds and declares that drug abuse diminishes the strength and vitality of the people of our Nation; that such abuse of dangerous drugs is increasing in urban and suburban areas; that there is a lack of authoritative information and creative projects designed to educate students and others about drugs and their abuse; and that prevention and control of such drug abuse require intensive and coordinated efforts on the part of both governmental and private groups.
(b) It is the purpose of this Act to encourage the development of new and improved curricula on the problems of drug abuse; to demonstrate the use of such curricula in model educational programs and to evaluate the effectiveness thereof; to disseminate curricular materials and significant information for use in educational programs throughout the Nation; to provide training programs for teachers, counselors, law enforcement officials, and other public service and community leaders; and to offer community education programs for parents and others, on drug abuse problems.
AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
SEC. 3. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated $7,000,000 for fiscal year, beginning July 1, 1970, $10,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1971, and $12,000,000 for the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1972 for the purpose of carrying out this Act. Sums appropriated pursuant to this section shall remain available until expended.
SEC. 4. (a) From the sums appropriated pursuant to section 3, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, herein-after referred to in this Act as the “Secretary", shall assist in educating the public on the problems of drug abuse by-
(1) making grants to or entering into contracts with institutions of higher education and other public or private agencies, institutions, or organizations, for-
(A) projects for the development of curricula on the use and abuse of drugs, including the preparation of new and improved curricular materials for use in elementary, secondary, and adult education programs;
(B) pilot projects designed to demonstrate, and test the effectiveness of curricula described in clause (A) (whether developed with assistance under this Act or otherwise);
(C) in the case of applicants who have conducted pilot projects under clause (B), projects for the dissemination of curricular materials and other significant information regarding the use and abuse of drugs to public and private elementary, secondary, and adult education programs;
(2) undertaking, directly or through contracts or other arrangements with institutions of higher education or other public or private agencies, institutions, or organizations, evaluations of the effectiveness of curricula tested in use in elementary, secondary, and adult education programs involved in pilot projects described in para-
graph (1) CB);
(3) making grants to institutions at higher education and local educational agencies to provide preservice and inservice training programs on drug abuse (including courses of study, institutes, seminars, workshops, and conferences) for teachers, counselors, and other educational personnel, law enforcement officials, and other public service and community leaders;
(4) making grants to local educational agencies and other public and private non-profit organizations for community education programs on drug abuse (including seminars, Workshops, and conferences) especially for parents and others in the community.
(b) In addition to the purposes described in subsection (a), the Secretary may make available not to exceed 5 per centum of the sums appropriated to carry out this Act for each fiscal year for payment of the reasonable and necessary expenses of State educational agencies in assisting local educational agencies in the planning, development, and implementation of drug abuse education programs.
APPROVAL or APPLICATIONS
SEC. 5. (a) Financial assistance for a project under this Act may be made only upon application at such time or times, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary deems necessary, and only if such application-
(1) provides that the activities and services for which assistance under this title is sought will be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant;
(2) provides for carrying out one or more projects or programs eligible for assistance under section 4 and provides for such methods of administration as are necessary for the proper and efficient operation of such projects or programs;
(3) sets forth policies and procedures which assure that Federal funds made available under this Act for any fiscal year will be so used as to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the level of funds that would, in the absence of such Federal funds, be made available by the applicant for the purposes described in section 4, and in no case supplant such funds;
(4) provides for such fiscal control and fund accounting procedures as may be necessary to assure proper disbursement of and accounting for Federal funds paid to the applicant under this title; and
(5) provides for making an annual report and such other reports, in such form and containing such information, as the Secretary may reasonably require and for keeping such records and for affording such access thereto as the Secretary may find necessary to assure the correctness and verification of such reports.
(b) Applications from local educational agencies for financial assistance under this Act may be approved by the Secretary only if the State educational agency has been notified of the application and been given the opportunity to offer recommendations.
(c) Amendments of applications shall, except as the Secretary may otherwise provide by or pursuant to regulation, be subject to approval in the same manner as original applications.
INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COUNCIL ON DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION
SEC. 6. (a) The Secretary shall establish an Interagency Coordinating Council on Drug Abuse Education which shall consist of the Secretary (or his designee) as Chairman, the Attorney General (or his designee) , the Commissioner of Education, the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, and with the consent of such other Departments or agencies as the Secretary may from time to time designate as having a substantial interest in the field of drug abuse education, representatives of such Departments and agencies.
(b) The Council shall advise in the coordination of the respective activities of the Federal Departments and agencies concerned in drug abuse education.
(c) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall promulgate regulations establishing the procedures for consultation with other agencies and with other appropriate public and private agencies.
(d) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare may not approve an application for assistance under this Act unless he has given the Interagency Coordinating Council an opportunity to review the application and make recommendations thereon Within a period not to exceed sixty days.
ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION
SEC. 7. (a) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall appoint an Advisory Committee on Drug Abuse Education, which shall-
(1) advise the Secretary concerning the administration of, preparation of general regulations for, and operation of, programs supported with assistance under this Act;
(2) make recommendations regarding the allocation of the funds under this Act among the various purposes set forth in section 4 and the criteria for establishing priorities in deciding which applications to approve, including criteria designed to achieve an appropriate geographical distribution of approved projects throughout all regions of the Nation;
(3) review applications and make recommendations thereon;
(4) review the administration and operation of projects and programs under this Act, including the effectiveness of such projects and programs in meeting the purposes for which they are established and operated, make recommendations with respect thereto, and make annual reports of its findings and recommendations (including recommendations for improvements in this (act) to the Secretary for transmittal to the Congress; and
(5) evaluate programs and projects carried out under this Act and disseminate the results of such evaluations.
(b) The Advisory Committee on Drug Abuse Education shall be appointed by the Secretary without regard to the civil service laws and shall consist of twenty-one members. The Secretary shall appoint one member as Chairman. The Committee shall consist of persons familiar with education, mental health, and legal problems associated with drug abuse, young persons, ex-users, parents and others familiar with drug use and abuse. The Committee shall meet at the call of the Chairman or of the Secretary.
(c) Members of the Advisory Committee shall, while serving on the business of the Advisory Committee, be entitled to receive compensation at rates fixed by the Secretary, but not exceeding $100 per day, including travel time; and while so serving away from their homes or regular places of business, they may be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by section 5703 of title 5 of the United States Code for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.
SEC. 8. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Attorney General shall, when requested, render technical assistance to local educational agencies, public and private nonproiit organizations and institutions of higher education in the development and implementation of programs of drug abuse education. Such technical assistance may, among other activities, include making available to such agencies or institutions information regarding effective methods of coping with problems of drug abuse, and making available to such agencies or institutions personnel of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Department of Justice, or other persons qualified to advise and assist in coping with such problems or carrying out a drug abuse education program.
SEC. 9. Payments under this Act may be made in installments and in advance or by way of reimbursement, with necessary adjustments on account of overpaymenrts or underpayments.
SEC. 10. In administering the provisions of this Act, the Secretary is authorized to utilize the services and facilities of any agency of the Federal Government and of any other public or private agency or institution in accordance with appropriate agreements, and to pay for such services either in advance or by way of reimbursement, as may be agreed upon.
SEC. 11. As used in this Act-
(a) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.
(b) The term “State” includes, in addition to the several States of the Union, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
The section-by-section analysis furnished by Mr. HATFIELD follows:
DRUG ABUSE EDUCATION ACT OF 1969 SECTION-BY-SECTION ANALYSIS
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. The short title of the bill is the “Drug Abuse Education Act of 1969.”
SEC. 2. FINDINGS AND PURPOSE. (a) The bill states a congressional finding that drug abuse “diminishes the strength and vitality of the people of our nation,” that such abuse is increasing, that there is “a lack of authoritative information and creative projects designed to educate students and others” in this area, and that government and private efforts are required to remedy the situation.
(b) The purpose of the bill: to encourage the development of new and improved curricula, to demonstrate their use and evaluate their effectiveness in model programs, to disseminate educational materials, to provide training programs for teachers, counselors, law enforcement officials and other public service and community leaders, and to offer community education programs for parents and others.
SEC. 3. FUNDING AUTHORIZATION. The bill authorizes appropriations for a 3-year period. The fiscal year 1971 authorization is $7 million; fiscal year 1972 is $10 million; and for fiscal year 1973, $10 million.
SEC. 4 (a). PROGRAMS. The funds appropriated for this act may be utilized by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare for the following:
1. Research. He may make grants or let contracts with institutions of higher education, other public or private agencies, institutions and organizations for:
(A) curriculum development and preparation on the use and abuse of drugs;
(B) pilot projects to test the effectiveness of such curricula;
(C) dissemination of curricular materials and other information to public and private elementary, secondary and adult education programs for applicants who have conducted pilot projects under (B).
2. Evaluation. He may make grants or contracts or other arrangements with institutions of higher education or other public or private institutions, agencies, etc. for evaluating the effectiveness of curricula developed in pilot projects described in 1(B), or conduct such evaluations directly.
3. Training. He may make grants to institutions of higher education and to local educational agencies for preservice and inservice training programs on drug abuse for teachers, counselors, law enforcement officials and other public service and community leaders.
4. Community Programs. He may make grants to local educational agencies and other public and private nonprofit organizations for community education programs on drug abuse (including seminars, workshops and conferences) especially for parents and others in the community.
(b) GRANTS TO STATES. The Secretary may utilize up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated to pay reasonable and necessary expenses of State educational agencies for planning, development and implementation of drug abuse education programs.
SEC. 5. APPLICATIONS.
(a) Applications for assistance under this act must-
(1) provide that the activities or services being assisted will be administered by or under the supervision of the applicant;
(2) provide for carrying out one or more projects or programs eligible for assistance under section 4, and provide for proper and eiiicient project management;
(3) assure that Federal funds under this act will be used to supplement, and to the extent practical, increase the level of funds made available at the local level for this purpose, and not to supplant local funding;
(4) provide for necessary fiscal control and fund accounting procedures;
(5) provide for annual reports to the Secretary and such other reports as he may require.
(b) Applications from local educational agencies may only be approved by the Secretary if the State agency has been advised and afforded an opportunity to comment.
(c) Applications may be amended, subject to appropriate regulations.
SEC. 6. INTERAGENCY COORDINATING COUNCIL. No application for assistance may be approved unless the Secretary has afforded the Commissioner of Education, the Attorhey General, the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, and the head of such other Departments and agencies as the Secretary shall designate, 60 days to comment thereon. The Secretaryof Health, Education, and Welfare may establish procedures for consultation with these and other Federal agencies.
SEC. ADVISORY COMMITTEE. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare shall apoint a 21-member Advisory Committee on Drug Abuse Education, consisting of persons familiar with education, mental health, and legal problems associated with drug control, ex-users, parents and others familiar With drug use and abuse. Committee members may be paid the standard WAE compensation.
The Commission shall-
(1) advise the Secretary on administration and operation of, and regulations for, programs assisted under the act;
(2) make recommendations regarding the allocation of funds under the act among the various purposes set forth in section 4, and criteria for establishing priorities, including those designed to achieve appropriate geographical distribution of approved projects;
(3) review applications and make recommendations on project applications;
(4) review the administration of programs under the act, and make recommendations to the Secretary (including recommendations for amendments to the act); and
(5) evaluate programs and projects under the act and disseminate the results of such evaluations.
SEC. 8. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Attorney General may make technical assistance available to local educational agencies, public and private nonprofit organizations and institutions of higher education in the development and implementation of drug abuse education programs. This assistance may include making available information or personnel.
SEC. 9. PAYMENTS. Payments under the act may be made in installments and in advance, or by way of reimbursement.
SEC. 10. ADMINISTRATION. The Secretary may utilize the services of other Federal or other public or private agencies, to be paid for or reimbursed by agreement.
SEC. 11. DEFINITIONS. This section defines terms used in the bill, in general conformity With other education legislation.